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Animal rights, badgers, cows and culls

case studyThis week has seen an announcement by H.M. Government that, in a part reversal of national policy, badgers (but not deer) may in some circumstances now be culled if farmers believe this will reduce the risk of their dairy herds developing TB.

The debate about bovine tuberculosis (TB in cows) has raged for years. It has cost UK taxpayers vast sums of money, as key stakeholders in the consultative process (many of them farmers), top scientists and government advisers have striven to resolve the matter. Likewise, many farmers see bTB as a real threat to the continuation of their way of life. But hundreds upon hundreds of hours of vexed high-level debate over the past 10 or 15 years still it seems leave the central questions unresolved.

Different issues
The issues are often presented this way: are badgers the reason that cows get TB? and if so should the badgers be culled (i.e. shot or gassed)? and by whom, at whose expense? (Or, conversely,do badgers in fact get TB from cows, not the other way around?)

This is of course, as with many other complex situations, a simplification of the inter-related underlying tensions.

Fundamental disagreements
Nonetheless, in some observers’ views this contest at base is about the ‘rights’ of farmers to do as they wish on their land, the ‘rights’ of badgers (and their human admirers – rarely farmers) to live unmolested wherever they reside, and the relevance and rights or wrongs of the hotly challenged scientific evidence: the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, for instance, has said it is opposed to culls ‘based on solid science, not sentiment.’

And underlying all this, but less frequently acknowledged in popular debate, are matters of business, profit, loss, politics and science.

Business or bucolic?
Whilst even attempting to summarise the various positions is to invite challenge, questions and considerations could be said to include: why the development of an effective bovine (and/or badger) TB vaccine has been so slow (humans regularly undergo TB vaccination); issues concerning the possible efficacy or additional damage risks which culling might have; the requirements in European farming policy in respect of vaccinated cows; the costs to taxpayers of compensation by the UK Government for farmers whose TB-positive cattle are destroyed; the business case for milk from certified uninfected herds; and the view of some people that indigenous UK wildlife should be left in peace.

To many urbanites the plight of cows, badgers and farmers (not to mention the credibility of veterinary scientists and government officials) seems trivial, but this is a very serious matter to most of those involved.

Entrenched and conflicting positions
The major stakeholders have conflicting and entrenched views. They will find it difficult for a long time yet to achieve any consensus, perhaps in part because they perceive this at some level to be a battle for rural life (the farmers) or hearts and minds (the badger lovers), with the politicians hovering nervously between the two.

* Can debates in which protagonists have such different fundamental bases actually be resolved?

* What role does or can science have in a matter which is in some minds more about business cases ans / or ways of living?


Degrowth change starts with a 'nice chat around a good dinner'

case studyToday (Sunday 6 June 2010) thousands of citizens from more than 65 cities in 19 countries participated in the 1st Global PicNic for Degrowth under the slogan: change always starts with a nice chat around a good dinner.

Degrowth in practice includes sharing houses, durable goods and work, while devoting more time to art, music, family, culture and community – hence, presumably, the shared PicNics.

The organisers claim that degrowth is ‘not a far-fetched utopian concept, but something which we can experience daily with simple, communal and convivial action.’

Would you agree that their current way of taking things forward matches their ‘not utopian’ objective?

Frugal innovation

The concept of frugal innovation has been used by the journal Business Standard to describe ‘low-cost but cutting-edge’ technology in areas as diverse as aviation, healthcare, transportation and energy.

The term has also been defined as an approach to innovation characterised by very careful, insightful and economical use of resources, both human and material (see Re Vica on educational applications).

So can we use this idea in other social and public services as well?

The idea behind this website (amsc) would suggest that frugal innovation is a useful technique. Are there further examples of how this can be applied?

Is regeneration the same as renewal?

QuestionsWe often use the terms ‘Regeneration’ and ‘Renewal’ as though they are interchangeable.

They both generally refer to improving places where people live, but does that make them the same?

Sustainability – who uses the term, and why?

Questions‘Sustainability’ is a word used by many people, but it has different meanings in different contexts.

Sometimes the term refers to the environment and ecological matters.

Sometimes it’s about the economy, jobs and wealth.

And sometimes it refers to communities and making them good places to live and work.

So is it possible – or indeed useful – to bring all these aspects together under the one word, ‘sustainability’?

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